Biodiversity - Ecosystem Function 
Researches in Forests, Agroforests & 
Rangelands  

Prof. Dr. Arshad Ali   

Lecturer 
Environmental Sciences
AWKUM, Pakistan

Thesis & Report

Postdoc Report

Linking species diversity, stand structure, and aboveground biomass along climate and soils gradients in tropical forests of Hainan Island, Southern China


PhD (Ecology) Thesis:

The forest strata-dependent relationships among environment, biodiversity and aboveground biomass in a subtropical forest in Tiantong, Zhejiang Province


MS (Ecology) Thesis:

The relationships between biodiversity and ecosystem carbon stocks in subtropical forests in Ningbo region, eastern China.  DOI: 10.13140/RG.2.1.3152.9449


BS (Forestry) Thesis:

Role of farm forestry in poverty alleviation and natural resource conservation in Swat valley.  DOI: 10.13140/RG.2.1.1593.3925

Research Publications

Peer-Reviewed Publications


*Corresponding author

#Contributed Equally


 2020

 

53) Wang, Y., Yang, X.D., Ali. A., Lv, G.H., Long, Y.X., Wang, Y.Y., Ma, Y.G. & Xu, C.C.  (2020). Flowering phenology shifts in response to functional traits and phylogeny of woody species in the desert area. Frontier in Plant Science. DOI: 10.3389/fpls.2020.00536

 

52) Ali. A*., Sanaei, A., Ahmadaali, K., Asadi, O., Javanmiri Pour, M., Valipour, A., Karami, J., Aminpour, M., Kaboli, H. & Askari, Y. (2020) Environmental filtering, predominance of strong competitor trees and exclusion of moderate-weak competitor trees shape species richness and biomass. Science of the Total Environment 723, 138105. DOI: 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2020.138105

 

51) Yuan, Z#., Ali. A#., Ruiz-Benito, P., Jucker, T., Mori, A., Wang, S., Zhang, X., Li, H., Hao, Z., Wang, X. & Loreau, M. (2020) Above- and below-ground biodiversity jointly regulate temperate forest multifunctionality along a local-scale environmental gradient. Journal of Ecology. DOI: 10.1111/1365-2745.13378

 

50) Ali. A*., Sanaei, A., Li, M., Asadi, O.N, Javanmiri Pour, M., Valipour, A., Karami, J., Aminpour, M., Kaboli, H. & Askari, Y. (2020) Big-trees – Energy mechanism underlies forest diversity and aboveground biomass. Forest Ecology and Management. 461, 117968. DOI: 10.1016/j.foreco.2020.117968


49) Ali. A*., Sanaei, A., Li, M., Ahmadaali, K., Asadi, O., Javanmiri Pour, M., Valipour, A., Karami, J., Aminpour, M., Kaboli, H. & Askari, Y. (2020) Impacts of climatic and edaphic factors on the diversity, structure and biomass of species-poor and structurally-complex forests. Science of the Total Environment 706, 135719. DOI: 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2019.135719

 

2019

 

48) Sanaei, A.#, Li, M.S. & Ali. A.#* (2019) Topography, grazing, and textures control over rangelands' vegetation quantity and quality. Science of the Total Environment 697, 134153. DOI: 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2019.134153

 

47) Yuan, Z.Q., Ali, A., Wang, S.P., Lin, F., Wang, X.G., Ye, J., Hao, Z.Q., Loreau, M. & Lin, J. (2019) Temporal stability of aboveground biomass is governed by species asynchrony in temperate forests. Ecological Indicators 107, 105661. DOI: 10.1016/j.ecolind.2019.105661

 

46) Ali, A., Lin, S.L., He, J.K., Kong, F.M., Yu, J.H. & Jiang, H.S. (2019) Big-sized trees overrule remaining trees' attributes and species richness as determinants of aboveground biomass in tropical forests. Global Change Biology 25(8), 2810-2824. DOI: 10.1111/gcb.14707

 

45) Villa, P.M., Martins, S.V., Rodrigues, A.C., Safar, N.V.H., Bonilla. M.A.C. & Ali A. (2019) Testing species abundance distribution models in tropical forest successions: Implications for fine-scale passive restoration. Ecological Engineering 135, 28-35. DOI: 10.1016/j.ecoleng.2019.05.015

 

44) Alice, R., Pedro, P.M., Ali, A., Walnir, J. & Andreza, N. (2019) Fine-scale habitat differentiation shapes the composition, structure and aboveground biomass, but not species richness, of a tropical Atlantic forest. Journal of Forestry Research. DOI: 10.1007/s11676-019-00994-x (Early view).

 

43) Yang, X.D., Qie, Y.D., Teng, D.X., Ali, A., Liu, Y., Bolan, N., Yang, S., Ma, L.G., Liu, W.G., Lv, G.H., Yang, S.T. & Simayi, Z. (2019) Prediction of groundwater depth in an arid region based on maximum tree height. Journal of Hydrology 574, 46-52. DOI: 10.1016/j.jhydrol.2019.04.022

 

42) Yang, X.D., Ali, A., Xu, Y.L., Jiang, L.M. & Lv, G.H. (2019) Soil moisture and salinity as the main drivers for soil respiration across the natural forest and agricultural lands in an arid desert region. Catena 177, 126-133. DOI: 10.1016/j.catena.2019.02.015

 

41) Ali, A., Lin, S.L., He, J.K., Kong, F.M., Yu, J.H. & Jiang, H.S. (2019) Elucidating space, climate, edaphic and biodiversity effects on aboveground biomass in tropical forests. 30(8), 918-927. Land Degradation & Development 30, 918–927. DOI: 10.1002/ldr.3278

 

40) Yuan, Z., Ali. A., Jucker, T., Ruiz-Benito, P., Wang, S., Jiang, L., Wang, X., Lin, F., Ye, J., Hao, Z. & Loreau, M. (2019) Multiple abiotic and biotic pathways shape biomass demographic processes in temperate forests. Ecology DOI: 10.1002/ecy.2650

 

39) Yang, X.D., Wang, J., Xu, M.S., Ali A., Xu, Y.L., Lamb, D., Duan, M.C., Yan, K.H. & Yang, S.T. (2019) Effects of the ephemeral stream on plant species diversity and distribution in an alluvial fan of arid desert region: an application of a low altitude UAV. PLoS ONE 14(2): e0212057. DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0212057

 

38) Ali, A., Chen, H.Y.H., You, W.H. & Yan, E.R. (2019) Multiple abiotic and biotic drivers of aboveground biomass shift with forest strata. Forest Ecology and Management 436, 1-10. DOI: 10.1016/j.foreco.2019.01.007

 

37) Yang, X.D. & Ali, A. (2019) "Biochar for Soil Water Conservation and Salinization Control in Arid Desert Regions" In Biochar from Biomass and Waste, pp. 161-168. Elsevier Publishers. DOI: 10.1016/B978-0-12-811729-3.00009-1 (Book Chapter).

 

36) Ali, A., Lin, S.L., He, J.K., Kong, F.M., Yu, J.H. & Jiang, H.S. (2019) Tree crown complementarity links positive functional diversity and aboveground biomass in tropical forests. Science of the Total Environment 656, 45-54. DOI: 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2018.11.342

 

35) Ali, A*. (2019) Forest stand structure and functioning: current knowledge and future challenges. Ecological Indicators 98, 665-677. DOI: 10.1016/j.ecolind.2018.11.017 (Review Paper).

 

34) Sanaei, A. & Ali, A*. (2019) What is the role of perennial plants in semi-steppe rangelands? Direct and indirect effects of perennial on annual plant species. Ecological Indicators 98, 389-396. DOI: 10.1016/j.ecolind.2018.11.012

 

33) Ali, A., Lin, S.L., He, J.K., Kong, F.M., Yu, J.H. & Jiang, H.S. (2019) Climate and soils determine aboveground biomass indirectly via species diversity and stand structural complexity in tropical forests. Forest Ecology and Management 432, 823-831. DOI: 10.​1016/​j.​foreco.​2018.​10.​024

 

32) Sanaei, A., Ali, A*., Ahmadaali, K. & Jahantab, E. (2019) Generalized and species-specific prediction models for aboveground biomass in semi-steppe rangelands. Journal of Plant Ecology. 12 (3), 428–437. DOI: 10.1093/jpe/rty037

 

31) Ali, A., Lin, S.L., He, J.K., Kong, F.M., Yu, J.H. & Jiang, H.S. (2019) Climatic water availability is the main limiting factor of biotic attributes across large-scale elevational gradients in tropical forests. Science of the Total Environment 647, 1211-1221. DOI: 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2018.08.072

 

30) Ali, A. & Mattsson, E. (2019) Wood density is a sustainability indicator for the management of dry zone homegarden agroforests: evidences from biodiversity - ecosystem function relationships. Special Issue (Climate and Agriculture) of Ecological Indicators 105, 474-482. DOI: 10.1016/j.ecolind.2018.04.024

 

2018

 

29) Villa, P.M., Martins, S.V., de Oliveira Neto, S.N., Rodrigues, A.C., Safar, N.V.H., Delgado, L., Monsanto, Cancio, N.M. & Ali, A. (2018) Woody species diversity as an indicator of the forest recovery after shifting cultivation disturbance in the northern Amazon. Ecological Indicators 95(P1), 687-694. DOI: 10.1016/j.ecolind.2018.08.005

 

28) Ali, A. & Yan, E.R. (2018) Consequences of phylogenetic conservativeness and functional trait similarity on aboveground biomass vary across subtropical forest strata. Forest Ecology and Management 429, 28-35. DOI: 10.1016/j.foreco.2018.06.042

 

27) Yuan, Z.Q., Wang, S.P., Ali, A., Gazol, A., Ruiz-Benito, P., Wang, X.G., Lin, F., Ye, J., Hao, Z.Q. & Loreau, M. (2018) Aboveground carbon storage is driven by functional trait composition and stand structural attributes rather than biodiversity in temperate mixed forests recovering from disturbances. Annals of Forest Science 75 (3), 67. DOI: 10.1007/s13595-018-0745-3

 

26) Ali, A., Lohbeck, M. & Yan, E.R. (2018) Forest strata-dependent functional evenness explains whole-community aboveground biomass through opposing mechanisms. Forest Ecology and Management 424, 439–447. DOI: 10.1016/j.foreco.2018.05.015

 

25) Sanaei, A., Ali, A*., Chahouki, M.A.Z., Jafari, M. & Azarnivand, H. (2018) Plant coverage is a potential ecological indicator for species diversity and aboveground biomass in semi-steppe rangelands. Ecological Indicators 93, 256-266. DOI: 10.1016/j.ecolind.2018.05.011

 

24) Yuan, Z.Q., Ali, A., Wang, S.P., Gazol, A., Freckleton, R., Wang, X.G., Lin, F., Ye, J., Zhou, L., Hao, Z.Q. & Loreau, M. (2018) Abiotic and biotic determinants of coarse woody productivity in temperate mixed forests. Science of the Total Environment 630, 422-431. DOI: 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2018.02.125

 

23) Ali, A. & Yan, E.R. (2018) The mediation roles of intraspecific and interspecific functional trait diversity for linking the response of aboveground biomass to species richness across forest strata in a subtropical forest. Ecological Indicators 85, 493-501. DOI: 10.1016/j.ecolind.2017.10.057

 

22) Sanaei, A., Chahouki, M.A.Z., Ali, A*., Jafari, M. & Azarnivand, H. (2018) Abiotic and biotic drivers of aboveground biomass in semi-steppe rangelands. Science of the Total Environment 615, 895-905. DOI: 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2017.10.010

 

21) Sanaei, A., Ali, A*. & Chahouki, M.A.Z. (2018) The positive relationships between plant coverage, species richness, and aboveground biomass are ubiquitous across plant growth forms in semi-steppe rangelands. Journal of Environmental Management 205, 308-318. DOI: 10.1016/j.jenvman.2017.09.079


 

2017

 

20) Ali, A. & Yan, E.R. (2017) Functional identity of overstorey tree height and understorey conservative traits drive aboveground biomass in a subtropical forest. Ecological Indicators 83, 158-168. DOI: 10.1016/j.ecolind.2017.07

 

19) Ali, A. & Yan, E.R. (2017) The forest strata-dependent relationship between biodiversity and aboveground biomass within a subtropical forest. Forest Ecology and Management 401, 125-134. DOI: 10.1016/j.foreco.2017.06.056

                                                                               

18) Ali, A. & Mattsson, E. (2017) Disentangling the effects of species diversity, and intraspecific and interspecific tree size variation on aboveground biomass in dry zone homegarden agroforestry systems. Science of the Total Environment 598, 38-48. DOI:  10.1016/j.scitotenv.2017.04.131

 

17) Yang, X.D., Lv, G.H., Ali, A., Ran, Q.Y., Gong, X.W., Wang, F., Liu, Z.D., Qin, L. & Liu, W.G. (2017) Variations in functional traits and population dynamics of an ephemeral plant Lappula semiglabra with dew amount gradients in Ebinur Desert in NW, China. Ecohydrology 10(6) e1858. DOI:10.1002/eco.1858

 

16) Ali, A. & Mattsson, E. (2017) Individual tree size inequality enhances aboveground biomass in homegarden agroforestry systems in the dry zone of Sri Lanka. Science of the Total Environment 575, 6-11. DOI: 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2016.10.022

 

15) Ali, A., Yan, E.R., Scott, X.C., Cheng, J.Y. & Liu, X.Y. (2017) Community-weighted mean of leaf traits and divergence of wood traits predict aboveground biomass in secondary subtropical forests. Science of the Total Environment 574, 654–662. DOI: 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2016.09.022

 

14) Zhao, Y.T., Ali, A. & Yan, E.R. (2017) The plant economics spectrum is structured by leaf habits and growth forms across subtropical species. Tree Physiology 37 (2): 173-185. DOI: 10.1093/treephys/tpw098

 

13) Ali, A. & Yan, E.R. (2017) Relationships between biodiversity and carbon stocks in forest ecosystems: a systematic literature review. Tropical Ecology 58(1), 1–14. (Review Paper).

 

 

2016 and earlier

 

12) Ali, A., Molau, U., Yang, B., Jägerbrand, A.K. & Alatalo, J.M. (2016) Diversity-productivity dependent resistance of an alpine plant community to different climate change scenarios. Ecological Research 31(6), 935–945. DOI: 10.1007/s11284-016-1403-6

 

11) Ali, A., Yan, E.R., Chen, H.Y.H., Chang, S.X., Zhao, Y.T., Yang, X.D. & Xu, M.S. (2016) Stand structural diversity rather than species diversity enhances aboveground carbon storage in secondary subtropical forests in Eastern China. Biogeosciences 13(16), 4627-4635. DOI:10.5194/bg-13-4627-2016, Biogeosciences Discussion., DOI:10.5194/bg-2016-6. Data from: Stand structural diversity rather than species diversity enhances aboveground carbon storage in secondary subtropical forests in Eastern China. Dryad Digital Repository. DOI:10.5061/dryad.8bp7m

 

10) Ali, A., Xu, M.S., Zhao, Y.T., Zhang, Q.Q., Zhou, L.L., Yang, X.D. & Yan, E.R. (2015) Allometric biomass equations for shrub and small tree species in subtropical China. Silva Fennica 49 (4), 1-10. DOI:10.14214/sf.1275

 

9) Ali, A. (2015) A review of strong evidence for the effect of functional dominance on carbon stocks in natural forest ecosystems. Research Journal of Forestry 9(3), 65-70. DOI:10.3923/rjf.2015.65.70 (Review Paper).

 

8) Yang, X.D., Zhang, X.N., Lv, G.H. & Ali, A. (2014) Linking Populus euphratica hydraulic redistribution to diversity assembly in the arid desert zone of Xinjiang, China. PLoS ONE, 9(10), e109071. DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0109071

 

7) Ali, A., Ma, W.J., Yang, X.D., Sun, B.W., Shi, Q.R. & Xu, M.S. (2014) Biomass and carbon stocks in Schima superba dominated subtropical forests of eastern China. Journal of Forest Science, 60(5), 198-207. DOI: 10.17221/21/2014-JFS

 

6) Song, Y.J., Tian, W.B., Liu, X.Y., Ying, F., Cheng, J.Y., Zhu, D.N., A. Ali. & Yan, E.R. (2016) Associations between litterfall dynamics and micro-climate in forests of Putuoshan Island, Zhejiang, China. Chinese Journal of Plant Ecology, 40 (11), 1154–1163. DOI: 10.17521/cjpe.2016.0157

 

5) Xu. M.S., Zhao, Y.T., Yang, X.D., Shi, Q.R., Zhou, L.L., Zhang, Q.Q., Ali. A. & Yan. E.R. (2016) Geostatistical analysis of spatial variations in leaf traits of woody plants in Tiantong, Zhejiang Province. Chinese Journal of Plant Ecology, 40 (1), 48-59. DOI:10.17521/cjpe.2015.0246

 

4) Zhao Y.T., Xu, M.S., Zhang, Z.H., Zhou, L.L., Zhang, Q.Q., Ali, A., Song, Y.J. & Yan, E.R. (2016) Characteristics of hydraulic architecture in woody plants across successional stages in evergreen broad-leaved forests in Tiantong, Zhejiang Province. Chinese Journal of Plant Ecology, 40(2), 116-126. DOI: 10.17521/cjpe.2015.0258


3) Ma, W.J., Zhao, Y.T., Zhang, Q.Q., Ali, A., Shi, Q.R. & Yan, E.R. (2014) C:N:P stoichiometry in forest floor litter of evergreen broad-leaved forests at different successional stages in Tiantong, Zhejiang, eastern China. Chinese Journal of Plant Ecology, 38(8), 833-842. DOI:10.3724/SP.J.1258.2014.00078

 

2) Sun, B.W., Yang, X.D., Zhang, Z.H., Ma, W.J., Ali, A., Huang, H.X. & Yan, E.R. (2013) Relationships between soil carbon pool and vegetation carbon return through succession of evergreen broad-leaved forests in Tiantong region, Zhejiang Province, Eastern China. Chinese Journal of Plant Ecology, 37(9), 803-810. DOI:10.3724/SP.J.1258.2013.00084

 

1) Yang, X.D., Yan, E.R., Zhang, Z.H., Sun, B.W., Huang, H.X., Ali, A., Ma, W.J. & Shi, Q.R. (2013) Tree architecture of overlapping species among successional stages in evergreen broad-leaved forests in Tiantong region, Zhejiang Province, China. Chinese Journal of Plant Ecology, 37(7), 611-619. DOI:10.3724/SP.J.1258.2013.00063

 

 

Invited Talks, Editorials, Conference Abstracts, Posters and Presentations

 

8) Ali. A*., Sanaei, A., Li, M., Asadi, O., Javanmiri Pour, M., Valipour, A., Karami, J., Aminpour, M., Kaboli, H. & Askari, Y. (2019) Big-trees – energy mechanism underlies forest diversity and aboveground biomass. Celebrating Global Ecology. 2019 Annual Meeting of British Ecological Society, Belfast, UK.


7)     Ali, A. (2019) Biodiversity and the functioning of natural and managed plant ecosystems in a changing environment. Invited lecture at Tsinghua-Berkeley Shenzhen institute (TBSI). TBSI Greater Bay Area Intellectual Forum, Lecture 97

available at http://www.tbsi.edu.cn/en/index.php?s=/cms/527.html

 

6) Ali, A., Lin, S.L., He, J.K., Kong, F.M., Yu, J.H. & Jiang, H.S. (2018) Tree Functional diversity increases aboveground biomass via increasing tree crown complementarity in tropical forests of Hainan Island, Southern China. sciencesconf.org:sfecologie2018:208615. (oral presentation in International Conference on Ecological Sciences, Rennes, France)

 

5) Ali. A. (2017) Represented East China Normal University as the main organizer or student in charge in The 15th Challenge Cup Carnival on Technological Innovation of Overseas Students in China. Biodiversity and the functioning of forests in Eastern China.

 

4) Ali, A. & Yan, E.R. (2016) Stand structural diversity rather than species diversity enhances aboveground carbon storage in secondary subtropical forests in Eastern China. 2016 2nd graduate students’ forum (Guang Hua forum) held at School of Ecological and Environmental Sciences, East China Normal University. Available at http://www.sees.ecnu.edu.cn/index.php?classid=7345&newsid=10911&t=show (First presentation on 18th December, 2016)

 

3) Ali, A., Yan, E.R., Xu, M.S., Zhao, Y.T. & Zhou, L.L. (2015) Functional dominance and divergence predict carbon stocks in subtropical forests: Testing the mass ratio and niche complementarity hypotheses. 64th International symposium on ecology held at East China Normal University, Shanghai (Research Poster on 26th Sep, 2015). Available at http://www.sees.ecnu.edu.cn/index.php?classid=7345&newsid=10609&t=show

 

2) Ali, A. (2014) Deforestation: a key ecological issue. The Express Tribune, opinion letter no. 697344. Available at http://tribune.com.pk/story/697344/deforestation-a-key-ecological-issue/

 

1) Ali, A., Yan, E.R. & Yang. X.D. (2013) Effects of stand structural diversity on carbon stocks in the subtropical forests of eastern China. 2013 national conference of Ecological Society of China (held at Nanchang China). Available at http://www.planta.cn/forum/files_planta/oeparagraphae__104.pdf (Page 26, Poster no. P38)